Generic & New gTLD List ICANN-era generic top-level domains

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Generic - Original top-level domains

Seven generic top-level domains were created early in the development of the Internet, and predate the creation of ICANN in 1998.

Name Entity Administrator[5] Notes IDN DNSSEC
.com commercial Verisign This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Though originally intended for use by for-profit business entities, for a number of reasons it became the "main" TLD for domain names and is currently used by all types of entities including nonprofits, schools, and private individuals. Domain name registrations may be successfully challenged if the holder cannot prove an outside relation justifying reservation of the name[citation needed], to prevent "squatting". It was originally administered by the United States Department of Defense. Yes Yes
.org organization Public Interest Registry This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by non-profit organizations, and still primarily used by some (including Wikipedia). Yes Yes
.net network Verisign is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by domains pointing to a distributed network of computers, or "umbrella" sites that act as the portal to a set of smaller websites. Yes Yes
.int international organizations Internet Assigned Numbers Authority The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations. However, a few grandfathered domains do not meet these criteria. No No
.edu education Educause (via Verisign) The .edu TLD is limited to specific higher educational institutions such as, but not limited to, trade schools and universities. In the U.S., its use was restricted in 2001 to post-secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies. This domain is therefore almost exclusively used by American colleges and universities. Some institutions, such as the Exploratorium, that do not meet the current registration criteria have grandfathered domain names. No Yes
.gov U.S. national and state government agencies General Services Administration (via Verisign) The .gov TLD is limited to United States governmental entities and agencies as well as qualifying state, county and local municipal government agencies. No Yes
.mil U.S. military United States Department of Defense The .mil TLD is limited to use by the United States military. No Yes

Infrastructure top-level domain

Infrastructure Entity Notes IDN DNSSEC
.arpa "Address and Routing Parameter Area" Originally assigned to the Advanced Research Projects Agency in the early days on the Internet, .arpa is now exclusively used as an Internet infrastructure TLD. No Yes

 

All New top-level domains - gTLD

 

English

Name Target market Restrictions Operator/Registry IDN DNSSEC
.academy academic institutes Donuts[donuts 1] Yes Yes
.accountant accountants and accounting firms Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.accountants accountants and accounting firms Donuts[donuts 2] Yes Yes
.active general The Active Network Unknown Yes
.actor actors Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.ads     Charleston Road Registry Inc.[44]
.adult adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.   Yes Yes
.aero air-transport industry Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register. SITA No No
.agency business associations Donuts[donuts 3] Yes[9] Yes
.airforce defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.apartments apartments Donuts Yes Yes
.app Phone apps Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.archi architects and architect firms[45] Restricted to individuals and organizations that can verify participation in architecture industry.[46] STARTING DOT LIMITED Unknown Yes
.army defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.art artists, museums, art galleries, dealers, service providers and contractors UK Creative Ideas Yes Yes
.associates business associations Donuts[donuts 4] Yes Yes
.attorney attorneys and legal organizations Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.auction   Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.audible     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.audio stereo/sound systems, music Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.author     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.auto     Cars Registry Limited[44]
.autos   DERAutos Unknown Yes
.aws     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.baby     Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc.[44]
.band   Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.bar Bars and related industry Punto 2012 Yes Yes
.barefoot     Gallo Vineyards, Inc.[44]
.bargains coupons and online sellers Donuts[donuts 5] Yes Yes
.baseball     MLB Advanced Media DH, LLC[44]
.beauty     L'Oréal[44]
.beer breweries and beer aficionados Minds + Machines[n 3] Unknown Yes
.best   BestTLD Pty Ltd Unknown Yes
.bestbuy     BBY Solutions, Inc.[44]
.bet     Afilias plc[44]
.bid auctions dot Bid Limited Yes Yes
.bike bicycles Donuts[donuts 6] Yes[48] Yes
.bingo bingo Donuts Yes Yes
.bio biodiversity, biographies May require compliance with organic agriculture principles.[49] STARTING DOT LIMITED Unknown Yes
.biz business Open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not held by commercial entities in accordance with the domain's charter. This TLD was created to provide relief for the .com TLD, where many names have already been taken. NeuStar Yes[9] Yes
.black those who like the color black[50] Afilias Yes Yes
.blackfriday Black Friday, retail Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.blockbuster     Dish DBS Corporation[44]
.blog Blogs Automattic [51] Unknown Yes
.blue those who like the color blue[52] Afilias Yes Yes
.boo ghosts and spooky business Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.book     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.bot     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.boutique specialized businesses Donuts[donuts 7] Yes Yes
.box individuals and businesses, in order to promote personal cloud storage NS1 Limited Yes Yes
.broker     DOTBROKER REGISTRY LTD[44]
.build construction industry Open Top Level Domain—[53] Plan Bee LLC Yes Yes
.builders construction workers Donuts[donuts 8] Yes Yes
.business businesses Donuts[donuts 9] Yes Yes
.buy     Amazon Registry Services, INC[44]
.buzz marketing and social networking DOTSTRATEGY Yes Yes
.cab cabs and taxi companies Donuts[donuts 10] Yes Yes
.cafe coffee industry Donuts Yes Yes
.call     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.cam entertainment[54] Acwebconnecting[55] Yes Yes
.camera camera-related businesses Donuts[donuts 11] Yes Yes
.camp camps and camping Donuts[donuts 12] Yes Yes
.cancerresearch Organizations, research institutes and individuals interested in ending cancer through research [56] Australian Cancer Research Foundation Unknown Yes
.capital financial firms Donuts[donuts 13] Yes Yes
.cards general Donuts[donuts 14] Yes Yes
.care healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 15] Yes Yes
.career   dotCareer LLC Yes Yes
.careers Employment Donuts[donuts 16] Yes Yes
.cars Automotive Uniregistry Yes Yes
.case     CNH Industrial N.V.[44]
.cash financial Donuts[donuts 17] Yes Yes
.casino casinos Donuts Yes Yes
.catering Food service Donuts[donuts 18] Yes Yes
.catholic     Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communications)[44]
.center general Donuts[donuts 19] Yes Yes
.ceo CEOs [57] CEOTLD Pty Ltd Unknown Yes
.cfd     DOTCFD REGISTRY LTD[44]
.channel   Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.chat online chat Donuts Yes Yes
.cheap Resellers Donuts[donuts 20] Yes Yes
.christmas Christmas Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.church churches Donuts[donuts 21] Yes Yes
.circle     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.city general Donuts[donuts 22] Yes Yes
.claims retail, auctions Donuts[donuts 23] Yes Yes
.cleaning Cleaning services Donuts[donuts 24] Yes Yes
.click   Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.clinic healthcare clinics Donuts[donuts 25] Yes Yes
.clothing Apparel Donuts[donuts 26] Yes Yes
.cloud   Aruba S.p.A.    
.club groups, organizations, assemblies, communities, general [58] .CLUB DOMAINS Yes[59] Yes
.coach travel (flights and motor coaches) Donuts Yes Yes
.codes computer and/or encryption code enthusiasts Donuts[donuts 27] Yes Yes
.coffee cafés and coffee aficionados Donuts[donuts 28] Yes Yes
.college Educational XYZ.com Yes Yes
.community social groups, neighborhoods Donuts[donuts 29] Yes Yes
.company business associations Donuts[donuts 30] Yes Yes
.computer Technology Donuts[donuts 31] Yes Yes
.condos Real estate Donuts[donuts 32] Yes Yes
.construction Construction industry Donuts[donuts 33] Yes Yes
.consulting hired advisors Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.contact     Top Level Spectrum, Inc.[44]
.contractors Remodeling and independent businesses Donuts[donuts 34] Yes Yes
.cooking sharing recipes Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.cool General interests Donuts[donuts 35] Yes Yes
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles. DotCooperation No No
.country general Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.coupon     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.coupons coupons Donuts Yes Yes
.courses     OPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA PTY LTD[44]
.credit Financial institutions Donuts[donuts 36] Yes Yes
.creditcard Financial institutions Donuts[donuts 37] Yes Yes
.cricket cricket Famous Four Media[ffm 1] Unknown Yes
.cruises cruise businesses and travel Donuts[donuts 38] Yes Yes
.dad families Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.dance Dance studios and companies Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.date online dating   Unknown Yes
.dating online dating Donuts[donuts 39] Yes Yes
.day general Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.deal     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.deals online shopping and couponing Donuts[donuts 40] Yes Yes
.degree general Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.delivery general Donuts[donuts 41] Yes Yes
.democrat Democratic Party politics Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.dental dentists Donuts[donuts 42] Yes Yes
.dentist dentists Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.design graphic art and fashion Top Level Design Yes Yes
.dev development - Google Unknown Unknown
.diamonds diamond and jewelry industry Donuts[donuts 43] Yes Yes
.diet   Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.digital general Donuts[donuts 44] Yes Yes
.direct general Donuts[donuts 45] Unknown Yes
.directory general directory Donuts[donuts 46] Yes Yes
.discount general Donuts[donuts 47] Yes Yes
.diy     Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[44]
.doctor     Brice Trail, LLC[44]
.dog dog stores and owners Donuts Yes Yes
.domains domain registries Donuts[donuts 48] Yes Yes
.download technology Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.duck     Johnson Shareholdings, Inc.[44]
.earth     Interlink Co., Ltd.[44]
.eat restaurants and foodies Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.eco     Big Room Inc.[44]
.education educational institutes Donuts[donuts 49] Yes Yes
.email email Donuts[donuts 50] Yes Yes
.energy energy industry and marketing Donuts[donuts 51] Yes Yes
.engineer engineers and engineering firms Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.engineering engineering firms Donuts[donuts 52] Yes Yes
.equipment equipment-related businesses Donuts[donuts 53] Yes Yes
.esq lawyers, law firms, legal professionals To be restricted to verified lawyers and attorneys[60] Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.estate real estate businesses Donuts[donuts 54] Yes Yes
.events happenings Donuts[donuts 55] Yes Yes
.exchange generic trade Donuts[donuts 56] Yes Yes
.expert generic expertise Donuts[donuts 57] Yes Yes
.exposed general interest Donuts[donuts 58] Yes Yes
.express shipping Donuts Yes Yes
.fail general Donuts[donuts 59] Yes Yes
.faith religion and churches   Unknown Yes
.family families   Unknown Yes
.fan     Asiamix Digital Ltd[44]
.fans general   Unknown Yes
.farm farms and agriculture Donuts[donuts 60] Yes Yes
.fashion clothing industry Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.fast     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.feedback   Top Level Spectrum Unknown Yes
.film     Motion Picture Domain Registry Pty Ltd[44]
.final     Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br[44]
.finance financial Donuts[donuts 61] Yes Yes
.financial financial Donuts[donuts 62] Yes Yes
.fire     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.fish fishing businesses, sports, and interests Donuts[donuts 63] Yes Yes
.fishing fishing businesses, sports, and interests Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.fit Fitness and exercise Minds + Machines[n 3] Unknown Yes
.fitness Fitness and exercise Donuts[donuts 64] Yes Yes
.flights airline businesses and travel Donuts[donuts 65] Yes Yes
.florist florists Donuts[donuts 66] Yes Yes
.flowers florists and gardens Uniregistry Yes Yes
.fly travel To be restricted to verified airlines, travel agencies and travel resellers[61] Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.foo web development [62] Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.food     Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[44]
.foodnetwork     Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[44]
.football soccer and American football Donuts Yes Yes
.forsale online retail Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.forum     Fegistry, LLC[44]
.foundation charitable organizations Donuts[donuts 67] Yes Yes
.free     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.frontdoor     Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[44]
.fun     Unknown Unknown
.fund financial Donuts[donuts 68] Yes Yes
.furniture furniture businesses Donuts[donuts 69] Yes Yes
.fyi "for your information" Donuts Yes Yes
.gallery photo and art galleries Donuts[donuts 70] Yes Yes
.game     Uniregistry, Corp.[44]
.games     United TLD Holdco Ltd.[44]
.garden gardening Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.gift gift-giving Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.gifts gift-giving Donuts[donuts 71] Yes Yes
.gives charities and gift-giving Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.glass window sales and repairs Donuts[donuts 72] Yes Yes
.global general Dot GLOBAL Yes Yes
.gold gold and luxury Donuts Unknown Yes
.golf golf Donuts Yes Yes
.gop Republican Party politics Republican State Leadership Committee Spanish[63] Yes
.graphics graphics Donuts[donuts 73] Yes Yes
.green the environmentally-focused "As a Registrant you may not ... use a .green name or its content in a way that negatively affects the mission, purpose of the .green TLD, or its brand."[64] Afilias Unknown Yes
.gripe opinion sites Donuts[donuts 74] Yes Yes
.group     Romeo Town, LLC[44]
.guide help sites Donuts[donuts 75] Yes Yes
.guitars Guitars Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.guru generic expertise Donuts[donuts 76] Yes[65] Yes
.hair     L'Oreal[44]
.hangout     Charleston Road Registry Inc.[44]
.health     DotHealth, LLC[44]
.healthcare healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 77] Unknown Yes
.help help sites Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.here generic geographic Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.hiphop Hip hop culture Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.hiv AIDS and HIV dotHIV Unknown Yes
.hockey hockey Donuts Yes Yes
.holdings real estate or financial business Donuts[donuts 78] Yes Yes
.holiday holiday gift industry Donuts[donuts 79] Yes Yes
.homegoods     The TJX Companies, Inc.[44]
.homes real estate professionals Dominion Enterprises Unknown Yes
.homesense     The TJX Companies, Inc.[44]
.horse horse-related businesses and interest Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.host network companies Radix Registry Unknown Yes
.hosting   Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.hot     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.house real estate and construction businesses Donuts[donuts 80] Yes Yes
.how how-to guides Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.ice     IntercontinentalExchange, Inc.[44]
.info information Afilias German[9] Yes
.ing Verbal suffix: e.g., "jump.ing". Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.ink creative printing or tattooing[66] Top Level Design Yes Yes
.institute[67]   Donuts[donuts 81] Yes Yes
.insurance     fTLD Registry Services LLC[44]
.insure Insurance companies Donuts[donuts 82] Yes Yes
.international international entities Donuts[donuts 83] Yes Yes
.investments financial Donuts[donuts 84] Yes Yes
.jewelry jewelry stores Donuts Yes Yes
.jobs Employment For websites with job opportunities and job listings.[68] Employ Media No Yes
.joy     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.kim people named Kim
Also means "who" in Turkish
Afilias Unknown Yes
.kitchen food industry and remodeling Donuts[donuts 85] Yes Yes
.land real estate Donuts[donuts 86] Yes Yes
.latino     Dish DBS Corporation[44]
.law     Minds + Machines Group Limited[44]
.lawyer lawyers and legal organizations Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.lease financing Donuts[donuts 87] Yes Yes
.legal lawyers and legal organizations Donuts Yes Yes
.lgbt the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community "Registrants are prohibited from using the .LGBT domain in a manner that is harmful, threatening, abusive, harassing, defamatory, or hateful with respect to the LGBT community."[69] Afilias Unknown Yes
.life general Donuts[donuts 88] Yes Yes
.lifeinsurance     American Council of Life Insurers[44]
.lighting lighting Donuts[donuts 89] Yes Yes
.like     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.limited general Donuts[donuts 90] Yes Yes
.limo limousine businesses Donuts[donuts 91] Yes Yes
.link connecting to information[70] Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.live     United TLD Holdco Ltd.[44]
.living     Lifestyle Domain Holdings, Inc.[44]
.loan banks and lenders Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.loans banks and lenders Donuts[donuts 92] Yes Yes
.locker     Dish DBS Corporation[44]
.lol LOL: laughing out loud Uniregistry[71] Unknown Yes
.lotto   Afilias Unknown Yes
.love dating sites   Unknown Yes
.luxe   Minds + Machines[n 3] Unknown Yes
.luxury businesses catering to the wealthy Luxury Partners Yes Yes
.makeup     L'Oréal[44]
.management business management Donuts[donuts 93] Yes Yes
.market marketing services and retailers Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.marketing marketing services Donuts[donuts 94] Yes Yes
.markets financial and stock markets IG Group Unknown Yes
.mba Masters in Business Administration Donuts Yes Yes
.media general media interests Donuts[donuts 95] Yes Yes
.meet social gatherings, meeting new people Afilias Unknown Yes
.meme Internet memes Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.memorial memorial sites Donuts Yes Yes
.men men Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.menu restaurants Wedding TLD2 Yes Yes
.mint     Intuit Administrative Services, Inc.[44]
.mobi mobile devices Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards. Afilias Yes No
.mobily     GreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L.[44]
.moe Japanese otaku culture; see moe (slang) Interlink Yes Yes
.money financial Donuts Yes Yes
.mortgage mortgage lenders Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.motorcycles motorcycles DERMotorcycles Unknown Yes
.mov Digital video Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.movie movies and cinemas Donuts Yes Yes
.museum museums Must be verified as a legitimate museum. Museum Domain Management Association Latin script[9] Yes
.name individuals, by name Open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain's charter. Verisign Yes[9] Yes
.navy defense contractors Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.network general Donuts[donuts 96] Yes Yes
.new general Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.news news sites   Unknown Yes
.ngo Non-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ong.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements. Public Interest Registry Unknown Yes
.ninja general expertise Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.now     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.off     Johnson Shareholdings, Inc.[44]
.one general .one (top-level domain) Unknown Yes
.ong Non-governmental organizations.
Sold packaged with .ngo.
Restricted to validated NGOs, as determined by PIR. See the eligibility requirements. Public Interest Registry Unknown Yes
.onl short for "online" I-REGISTRY Unknown Yes
.online generic   Unknown Yes
.ooo general Infibeam No Yes
.open     American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.[44]
.organic organic gardeners, farmers, foods, etc. Registrants must be verified as a member of the organic community.[72] Afilias Unknown Yes
.origins     The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.[44]
.page     Charleston Road Registry Inc.[44]
.partners businesses Donuts[donuts 97] Yes Yes
.parts manufacturing and consumer auto Donuts[donuts 98] Yes Yes
.party nightclubs and social gatherings Famous Four Media[ffm 2] Unknown Yes
.pay     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.pet     Afilias plc[44]
.pharmacy pharmacies "All registrants within the .pharmacy gTLD are vetted prior to registration to confirm that they meet all applicable regulatory standards, including pharmacy licensure and valid prescription requirements, in the jurisdictions where they are based and where they serve patients."[73] National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Unknown Yes
.photo photography and photo-sharing Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.photography photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 99] Yes Yes
.photos photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 100] Yes Yes
.physio physical therapists Must be eligible for membership within an association that is a member of the World Confederation for Physical Therapy, have proper training as a physical therapist outside WCPT's reach, or otherwise supports physical therapy.[74][75] PhysBiz Unknown Yes
.pics photography and photo-sharing Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.pictures photography and photo-sharing Donuts[donuts 101] Yes Yes
.pid   Top Level Spectrum Unknown Yes
.pin     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.pink those who like the color pink Afilias Yes Yes
.pizza pizza parlors Donuts[donuts 102] Yes Yes
.place general Donuts[donuts 103] Yes Yes
.plumbing plumbing businesses Donuts[donuts 104] Yes Yes
.plus generic Donuts Yes Yes
.poker Poker players and sites Afilias[n 4] Unknown Yes
.porn adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.   Yes Yes
.post postal services The .post TLD is restricted to Postal Administrations as defined in the Universal Postal Union constitution, and their large customers who wish to provide "Trusted Postal Services".[76] Universal Postal Union No[77] Yes
.press publishing and journalism Radix Registry Unknown Yes
.prime     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.pro professions/professionals Registry Services Corporation No No
.productions studio/art businesses Donuts[donuts 105] Yes Yes
.prof Professors, teachers and learning Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.promo     Afilias plc[44]
.properties real estate Donuts[donuts 106] Yes Yes
.property real estate Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.protection     XYZ.COM LLC[44]
.qpon coupons dotCOOL Unknown Yes
.racing racing Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.radio     European Broadcasting Union (EBU)[44]
.read     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.realestate     dotRealEstate LLC[44]
.realty     Fegistry, LLC[44]
.recipes recipes and cooking Donuts[donuts 107] Yes Yes
.red those who like the color red[78]
Also Spanish variant of .net
Also likely to be attractive for domain hacks for words that end with '-red'.
Afilias Yes Yes
.rehab Rehab centers and support sites Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.ren Renren users (ren means "people/person" in Mandarin Chinese pinyin Restricted TLD[79] Beijing Qianxiang Wangjing Technology Development Co. Unknown Yes
.rent Real estate professionals and small businesses xyz.xyz Unknown Yes
.rentals short-term ownership Donuts[donuts 108] Yes Yes
.repair general repair/maintenance businesses Donuts[donuts 109] Yes Yes
.report business services Donuts[donuts 110] Yes Yes
.republican Republican Party politics Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.rest Restaurants and related industry Punto 2012 Yes Yes
.review public reviews   Unknown Yes
.reviews public reviews Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.rich businesses catering to the wealthy I-REGISTRY Unknown Yes
.rip memorial sites[80] Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.rocks general Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.rodeo Rodeo interest Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.room     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.rsvp Invitations and replies Google[n 2] Unknown Yes
.run running and jogging Donuts Yes Yes
.safe     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.sale retail   Unknown Yes
.save     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.scholarships scholarship related Scholarships.com[81][82] Unknown Unknown
.school schools Donuts[donuts 111] Yes Yes
.science science-related sites dot Science Unknown Yes
.secure     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.security     XYZ.COM LLC[44]
.select     iSelect Ltd[44]
.services business services Donuts[donuts 112] Yes Yes
.sex adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography.   Yes Yes
.sexy adult entertainment Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.shoes shoes Donuts[donuts 113] Yes Yes
.shop     GMO Registry, Inc.[44]
.shopping     Over Keep, LLC[44]
.show entertainment and vlogs Donuts Yes Yes
.showtime     CBS Domains Inc.[44]
.silk     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.singles online dating Donuts[donuts 114] Yes Yes
.site general   Unknown Yes
.ski     STARTING DOT LIMITED[44]
.skin     L'Oréal[44]
.sky     Sky International AG[44]
.smile     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.soccer soccer Donuts Yes Yes
.social general interest Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.software computer software Rightside Group[n 1] Unknown Yes
.solar solar-power Donuts[donuts 115] Yes Yes
.solutions business services Donuts[donuts 116] Yes Yes
.song     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.space as a creative space Radix Registry Unknown Yes
.spot     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.spreadbetting     DOTSPREADBETTING REGISTRY LTD[44]
.store stores Radix Registry Yes Yes
.stream     dot Stream Limited[44]
.studio art, fitness, & entertainment Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.study     OPEN UNIVERSITIES AUSTRALIA PTY LTD[44]
.style fashion Donuts Yes Yes
.sucks gripe sites Vox Populi Unknown Yes
.supplies manufacturing industries Donuts[donuts 117] Yes Yes
.supply manufacturing industries Donuts[donuts 118] Yes Yes
.support help pages Donuts[donuts 119] Yes[83] Yes
.surf surfing Minds + Machines[n 3] Unknown Yes
.surgery healthcare industry Donuts[donuts 120] Yes Yes
.systems technology Donuts[donuts 121] Yes Yes
.talk     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.tattoo tattoo aficionados Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.tax financial Donuts Yes Yes
.taxi taxi services Donuts Yes Yes
.team team sports Donuts Yes Yes
.tech technology Dot Tech LLC Yes Yes
.technology technology Donuts Yes Yes
.tel Internet communication services A contact directory housing all types of contact information directly in the Domain Name System.   Yes[84] No
.tennis tennis Donuts Yes Yes
.theater theaters and cinemas Donuts Yes Yes
.theatre     XYZ.COM LLC[44]
.tickets     Accent Media Limited[44]
.tips general help topics Donuts Yes Yes
.tires tire manufacturers Donuts Yes Yes
.today general Donuts Yes Yes
.tools manufacturing industries Donuts Yes Yes
.top general Jiangsu Bangning Unknown Yes
.tours tourism Donuts Yes Yes
.town generic geographic Donuts Yes Yes
.toys toy businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.trade businesses   Yes Yes
.trading     DOTTRADING REGISTRY LTD[44]
.training training and how-tos Donuts Yes Yes
.travel travel and tourism industry related sites Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.   No No
.travelersinsurance     Travelers TLD, LLC[44]
.trust     Artemis Internet Inc[44]
.tube     Latin American Telecom LLC[44]
.tunes     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.university young adults, university life Donuts Yes Yes
.vacations travel Donuts Yes Yes
.vet veterans and veterinarians   Yes Yes
.video video sharing   Unknown Yes
.villas real estate and/or travel businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.vip     Minds + Machines Group Limited[44]
.vision eye-care businesses Donuts Yes Yes
.vodka Vodka-related businesses and interest   Yes Yes
.vote democratic elections and campaign websites Must use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[85] Afilias Unknown Yes
.voting polling sites   Latin and Cyrillic scripts[9] Yes
.voyage travel Donuts Yes Yes
.wang general
Wǎng is a Chinese Mandarin pinyin rendering of 网 ("web" or "portal").[86]
Wang is also a common surname in mainland China.
  Yes[87] Yes
.watch Watches Donuts Yes Yes
.watches     Richemont DNS Inc.[44]
.weather     International Business Machines Corporation[44]
.webcam Web cam shows and video sharing   Yes Yes
.website general Radix Registry Unknown Yes
.wed engaged couples and wedding-oriented businesses This TLD is intended primarily for engaged couples on a short-term basis (two years with prohibitive third-year renewal fees for second-level domains).[88]
And although the registry is advertising for multiple world languages, all domains appear to need to be in Latin script.[89]
  No Yes
.wedding wedding-oriented businesses Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.whoswho general An open TLD, any person or entity is permitted to register. Conceived for those cited in one of the Who's Who reference titles published around the world, the registry was opened for use by private individuals, and for-profit and nonprofit entities, including those with social media aspirations. Registry policies allow for rapid takedown of non-compliant domains, for violations including imposturous registration of another's names, and proscribed uses, including pornography or adult services/applications. Who's Who Registry Yes Yes
.wiki wikis "An open TLD for anyone interested in community resource creation" Top Level Design Yes Yes
.win games, Microsoft Windows Famous Four Media Unknown Yes
.wine Wine Unknown Unknown
.winners     The TJX Companies, Inc.[44]
.work general Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.works general Donuts Yes Yes
.world general Donuts Yes Yes
.wow     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.wtf general Donuts Yes Yes
.xxx adult entertainment (pornography) For sites providing sexually explicit content, such as pornography. Uniregistry Yes Yes
.xyz general XYZ.com Yes[90] Yes
.yoga yoga Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.you     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.zero     Amazon Registry Services, Inc.[44]
.zone general Donuts Yes Yes

Chinese

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.shouji phone   QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
.tushu books   Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
.wanggou online shopping   Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
.weibo microblogging   Sina Corporation
.xihuan like   QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.

French

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.maison "house" Donuts[donuts 122] Chinese, French, German, Spanish[91] Yes
.sarl Société à responsabilité limitée, Francophone Limited liability company Donuts[donuts 123] Yes Yes

German

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.epost e-mail   Deutsche Post AG
.gmbh GmbH   Extra Dynamite, LLC
.haus "house" Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.immobilien "real estate" Rightside Group[n 1] German[9] Yes
.jetzt "now" New TLD Company Yes Yes
.kaufen "buy" Rightside Group[n 1] German[9] Yes
.kinder children   Ferrero Trading Lux S.A.
.reise "travel" Must be an eligible member of the travel business community; also, domain must be used for travel-related purposes.[92] dotreise Latin script[9] Yes
.reisen "traveling" Donuts[donuts 124] German[9] Yes
.schule "school" Donuts[donuts 125] Yes Yes
.versicherung "insurance"   Latin script[9] Yes

Hindi

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.desi Hindi for the peoples and cultures of South Asia
See also Desi
Desi Networks Unknown Yes
.shiksha Hindi for "education". Afilias Unknown Yes

Italian

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.casa "house" Minds + Machines[n 3] Yes Yes
.immo French, German,[93] and Italian abbreviation for "real estate" Donuts[donuts 126] Yes Yes
.moda "fashion" Rightside Group[n 1] Spanish[9] Yes
.voto "vote", for election and campaign websites Must use the domain in connection with a "clearly identified political/democratic process."[94] Initially only available to registrations in the United States.[95] Afilias Unknown Yes

Portuguese

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.bom good   Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br
.passagens ticket   Travel Reservations SRL

Spanish

Name Translation Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.abogado "lawyer" To be restricted to licensed lawyers or law firms.[96] Minds + Machines[n 3] Unknown Yes
.gratis "free" Donuts[donuts 127] Yes Yes
.futbol soccer Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.hoteles hotels   Travel Reservations SRL
.juegos "games" Uniregistry Yes[47] Yes
.ltda companies in South America Domains are limited to registered LTDAs (like LLCs) in Brazil, Colombia, Chile, and Ecuador.[97] InterNetX Unknown Yes
.soy "I am"
Also refers to the soybean and its food derivatives
Google[n 2] Latin script, Japanese[98] Yes
.tienda "shop", "store" Donuts Spanish Yes
.uno "one", for websites targeting Spanish speaking consumers   Spanish Yes
.viajes "travel" Donuts Spanish Yes
.vuelos flights   Travel Reservations SRL

Corporate identifiers

Name Entity Type Restrictions Operator IDN DNSSEC
.bar bars and pubs Punto 2012 Yes Yes
.bank banks Restricted to banks and savings associations fTLD Registry Services, LLC Unknown Yes
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles. DotCooperation No No
.enterprises business associations Donuts[donuts 128] Yes Yes
.industries industrial businesses Donuts[donuts 129] Yes Yes
.institute established business associations Donuts[donuts 130] Yes Yes
.pharmacy pharmacies   National Association of Boards of Pharmacy    
.pub bars and pubs Rightside Group[n 1] Yes Yes
.realtor realtors To be restricted to members of the National Association of Realtors and the Canadian Real Estate Association, and related associations.[99] Real Estate Domains Unknown Yes
.reit real estate investment trusts Restricted to REITs, as determined by national law.[100] National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts Unknown Yes
.rest restaurants Punto 2012 Yes[101] Yes
.restaurant restaurants Donuts[donuts 131] Yes Yes
.ventures funding for start-ups Donuts Yes Yes